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In the Revised Standard Version, the nine Beatitudes of Matthew —12 read as follows: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
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Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. The four Beatitudes of Luke —23 read as follows: Blessed are you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. Blessed are you that hunger now, for you shall be satisfied.
Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The notion of deification theiosis fit with the New Testament emphasis on becoming sons of God and texts such as 2 Peter , which talked about sharing in the divine nature. He already loves you so much that He died for you!
Matthew says:. When he saw the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and after he sat down, his disciples came to him. Then he began to teach them, saying:. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for the kingdom of heaven is theirs. Be glad and rejoice, because your reward is great in heaven.
For that is how they persecuted the prophets who were before you. Two metaphors illustrate this process.
The Nine Beatitudes
The first illustrates the stages of growth of a plant. We mourn see v. We become meek rather than self-willed and defiant see v. These are the roots of a blessed and godly life. Out of these roots come the shoots of the Fourth Beatitude, a hunger and thirst for righteousness see v. They have broken the yoke of the oppressor; and this they have done not by fighting but by surrendering. Though free from all sense of possessing, they yet possess all things.
Study the Meaning of 8 Blessings From the Sermon on the Mount
William Burnet Wright , seeking to avoid a common misunderstanding of the meaning of poverty of spirit, distinguishes those who are "poor in spirit" from those he calls "poor spirited," who "consider crawling the Christian's proper gait. There are men who fear to call their souls their own, and if they did, they would deceive—themselves. At times such men baptize their cowardice in holy water, name it humility, and tremble. Their life is a creeping paralysis. Afraid to stand for their convictions, they end by having no convictions to stand to.
Dallas Willard , most notably, in the fourth chapter of his "The Divine Conspiracy: Rediscovering Our Hidden Life in God" has proposed that the Beatitudes are not virtues or meritorious conditions.
THE EIGHT BEATITUDES OF JESUS
Rather, they are proclamations that the people before Jesus on the mountain are blessed well off because they are disciples of Jesus Christ. These proclamations are instructive in that they communicate to the hearers that many who are in a deplorable condition are blessed in spite of this because the kingdom of heaven has been opened even to them by Jesus Christ. Alfred Edersheim held a similar or identical view. He is quoted by Willard as saying: "It is not because a man is poor in spirit that his is the Kingdom of Heaven, in the sense that one state will grow into the other, or be its result; still less is the one the reward of the other.
The connecting link is in each case Christ Himself: because He… "has opened the Kingdom of Heaven to all believers. The Beatitudes then, are, according to Willard, "…proof that, in [Jesus], the rule of God from the heavens truly is available in life circumstances that are beyond all human hope.
Also: Psalm 34, 37, and Again, the inversion occurs, not because of a meritorious condition but in spite of it and by God's salvific initiative.
In the Book of Mormon , a religious text of the Latter Day Saint movement , Jesus gives a sermon to a group of indigenous Americans including statements very similar to Matthew 6 and evidently derived therefrom: . Yea, blessed are the poor in spirit 'who come unto me,' for theirs is the kingdom of heaven 3 Nephi And blessed are all they who do hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled 'with the Holy Ghost' 3 Nephi Blessed the soul that hath been raised to life through My quickening breath and hath gained admittance into My heavenly Kingdom.
The Qur'an quotes the Bible only in Q which resembles Psalm referred to in Matthew ; but the Qur'an uses "righteous" rather than "meek". The Bhagavad Gita and the traditional writings of Buddhism e.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see beatitudes disambiguation. Early life. In rest of the NT. Road to Damascus John's vision. Bible portal. The Synoptics: Matthew, Mark, Luke. Steubenville, OH: Emmaus Road. The Gospel of the Kingdom.